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2012年10月全国高等教育自学考试《英语(二)》试题

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课程代码: 00015 一、单项选择题(本大题共 10小题,每小题1份,共10分) I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point each) 1. Skillful farming A them to support a large population. A. enabled B. forced C. author

 课程代码:00015

一、单项选择题(本大题共10小题,每小题1份,共10分)

  I.  Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point each)

 1. Skillful farming     A     them to support a large population.

     A. enabled       B. forced         C. authorized     D. required

 2. The findings of the survey went contrary    D    what was expected.

     A. in            B. on            C. for           D. to

 3. James refused to be    B     about his future plans.

     A. distinct        B. specific        C. relevant       D. individual

 4. Young    A     he was, he was equal to the task.

     A. as            B. if            C. although      D. unless

 5. You should read this novel. It is    B     recommended by all critics.

     A. fairly         B. highly        C. mainly        D. strictly

 6. It's a great place to live in, except for the increasing volume of   B    that passes under my window every day.

     A. activity       B. traffic         C. movement     D. circulation

 7. He should     C    to what he's good at, and not try and do something he

     knows nothing about.

     A. look          B. lead          C. stick         D. point

 8. We take this oppommity to express our sincere     D    of your help.

     A. explanation    B. obligation     C. demonstration  D. appreciation

 9. I don't know ifthe story is tree, but I'll try to    C     it.

     A. modify        B. simplify       C. verify         D. specify

 10. The old man spoke    A     length about his experiences in Africa.

     A. at           B. in           C. from         D. to

 

II.  Cloze Test (10 points, 1 point each)

    Scientists are learning more and more about the link between your mind and your health. Stress and depression have been shown to give rise to illness and disease.  11  , if you feel good about yourself and have a  12  attitude, and maintain an active involvement in life, you're more likely to be happy – and   13  .

    Many things   14    your emotional state. But at the heart of it is how you regard yourself. If you have a healthy level of self-esteem, you not only cope with life's challenges better than people  15  low self-esteem, but you're probably more content,  16 , and successful. You're probably also healthier.

    Most people's sense of worth is deeply rooted in their childhood - in the early approval or disapproval of parents and friends.  17    , as we get older, most of us judge ourselves  18    our sense of how effectively we're managing in the world, especially in the areas of love and work. Our  19  to love and be loved can give our lives a sense of purpose. We can also find  20  in work-related accomplishments, and the people we meet and work with can reinforce our sense of self and our role in life.

 B11. A. In addition     B. In contrast        C. In reality       D. In general

 A12. A. positive       B. common          C. critical         D. personal

 D13. A. respectable     B. energetic         C. lovely          D. healthy

 C14. A. explain        B. maintain         C. influence        D. simulate

 B15. A. at             B. with            C. for             D. upon

 A16. A. confident       B. dependent       C. sensitive        D. emotional

D17. A. Therefore       B. Likewise        C. Instead         D. However

 B18. A. on             B. by             C. of              D. in

 A19. A. ability         B. dream           C. goal            D. intention

 C20. A. proof          B. interest          C. pride            D. troth

 

III, Reading Comprehension (:30 points, 2 points each)

                                   Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

    If you start each day desperately wishing for an extra hour in bed, the following is likely to leave you feeling even more bad-tempered. Scientists have identified a "sleepless elite"- a small group of people for whom staying in bed longer is a waste of time.

    Rather than being tired and bad-tempered losers, they are an energetic, outgoing and optimistic group who can happily and healthily get by on just four or five hours of sleep a night. And, they tend to be slim, able to hold down two jobs at the same time, and handle their extra-long days easily without needing coffee or catnaps (小睡).

    Working out how the gene (基因) cuts sleep without any obvious impact on health could help in the design of drags that give us all a few extra hours in our day. The bad news is that while many of us get by on a few hours' sleep a night, just one to three people in 100 qualify to be part of the sleepless elite.

    The research team is now calling for members of the lucky group to come forward to allow their DNA to be studied. Harvard University researcher Dr. Christopher Jones said: "My long-term goal is to learn enough someday so we can control the sleep mechanism without damaging our health. Everybody can use more waking hours, even if you just watch movies."

    Many of those who have already volunteered share fascinating characteristics. They are cheerful, thinner than average, and seem to have a high tolerance for physical pain and psychological setbacks.

    Dr. Christopher Jones told the New York Times: "Typically, at the end of along phone interview, they will admit they have been sending short text message sand surfing the Internet and doing word games at the same time, all on less than six hours of sleep."

 21. According to the passage, the sleepless eliteC

     A. perform less well than others        B. regard sleep as a waste of time

     C. are energetic despite less sleep      D. are likely to make others angry

 22. Researchers study the sleepless elite toB

     A. develop the mechanism of sleep       B. invent a healthy way to cut sleep

     C. find the impact of sleep on health   D. design drags for sleepless people

 23. The phrase "come forward" (para. 4) is closest in meaning toD

     A. decide                          B. donate

     C. contribute                       D. volunteer

 24. According to Dr. Jones, it is typical of the sleepless elite toC

     A. sleep at least six hours a night     B. watch more movies than others

     C. do more than one thing at a time     D. do word games better than others

 25. The passage is mainly aboutD

     A. a disease which is related to genes

     B. a new drag that cures sleeplessness

     C. recent studies on sleepless patients

     D. people who do well with less sleep

                                   

Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

    There are a couple of things to know about the use of humor in a speech. One thing is to distinguish healthy and unhealthy humor. Unhealthy humor usually has a victim. It is based on differences. Healthy humor is taken from our everyday experiences and is based on the things people have in common. Therefore it unites them.

    Another thing is that when sharing humor with the audience a speaker has to take into account what part of the day it is. The "morning" audience can be tough, because everyone is just getting into work; the "lunch" audience is better, but the best time for sharing humor is dinner-time, because people relax after their working day and are more likely to feel the speaker.

    There are certain rules that are strongly advised to be followed. The primary rule is not to offend anybody by a joke. The jokes are not supposed to relate to the audience but to the speaker himself. When a speaker shares his personal stories he will be better accepted by the audience. He can kid about his fame, problems, image, etc. However, he does not have to belittle himself or sacrifice his reputation for a laugh. Besides, the jokes and humorous stories that are used by the speaker have to relate directly to the topic of his speech. The speaker is supposed to speak clearly and keep from laughing at his own story or joke while telling it, so that he can make it clear and to the point. Finally, once a joke is said it may not be repeated once more. So the speaker must not repeat a joke that fails or one that works.

     And, remember these tips always work: personal jokes, short remarks that go well with the speech, good choice of vivid words and appropriate body gestures.

 26. Healthy humor differs from unhealthy humor in that it is  B    

     A. intended to enrich one's experiences

     B. linked to the things that people share

     C. used most frequently to unite victims

     D. based mostly on the differences in life

 27. The writer thinks that a joke works best with an audience who is   A    

     A. relaxed                        B. tough

     C. hungry                         D. busy

 28. To connect closely with the audience, the speaker is advised to    B   

     A. repeat a good joke                 B. joke about himself

     C. laugh at his stories               D. improve his image

 29. According to paragraph 3, a joke should support   D    

    A. the nature of an issue             B. the fame of a speaker

    C. the taste of an audience           D. the subject of a speech

 30. One of the tips the writer gives for a successful speech is   C   

    A. dramatic gestures                 B. proper eye contact

    C. vivid expressions                 D. good time control

                                  

Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

    Are passwords ont-of-date? It is starting to seem like it. Everybody hates them. These days a typical Intemet user has dozens of online accounts. If you really want to be safe, you need to generate a different password for each one, and each password needs to be extremely complicated, with a mix of letters, symbols, and numbers. Who can keep all that stuff in their head?

    Most people do not bother. Some just create one password and use it everywhere. Others might have a few passwords - one for all their banking and financial stuff, one for their social networks, one for email accounts. Problem is that if one site gets hacked, the bad guys now have the password you use elsewhere. These attacks are happening so frequently these days that you might as well assume there is no way to keep a password secret.

    Computer scientists realize the system is broken, and they are looking for alternatives. But most attempts have not been very good. Fingerprint readers require special hardware, and many people find them scary and don't want to use them. Smart cards can be lost or stolen. Scientists have tried all sorts of other approaches, but they end up back with passwords. They are the least worst in a series of bad choices.

    Markus Jakobsson, a researcher in computer science, has produced something he calls "fastwords." Instead of inventing a password, you join three simple words that come from a thought known only to you. If one day you were driving to work and ran over a frog that ended up flat, you might choose "frog work flat." You can enter the three words in any order, and the system still knows that you are you. If your mind goes totally blank, the fastwords system will tell you one of the three words, which should enable you to remember the original thought and thus the three keywords.

    The fastwords system represents a step in the right direction, but it is not the promised land. Someone, somehow, needs to come up with something radically different- and radically better - than what we have today.

 31. Today people find passwords   C   

    A. difficult to create                   B. easy to figure out

    C. hard to remember                   D. apt to be replaced

 32. We learn from paragraph 2 that many people use passwords  A   

    A. without due caution                B. in a rational manner

    C. with frequent changes              D. in simple combinations

 33. Compared with passwords, other alternatives are even more   C     

    A. complex                            B. confusing

    C. troublesome                         D. expensive

34. One unique advantage of fastwords is that they can be used   D    

   A. with greater speed              B. with more certainty

   C. with greater security             D. with more flexibility

35. The writer seems to think that fastwords    A   

   A. offer a hopefu'l inspiration         B. are as simple as passwords

   C. offer a decisive resolution         D. are as safe as passwords

 

IV. Word Spelling (10 points, 1 point for two words)

 36. 不同的    a.  various           37. 肌肉       n.  m udcle

 38. 传统      n.  t radition         39. 幸运的   ad.  f ortunately

 40. 影响     vt.  a ffect            41. 边缘       n.  e  dge

 42. 怀疑的    a.  d oubtful         43. 减少      vt.  r educe

 44. 集合     vt.  assemble         45. 逐步的    a.  g radual  

 46. 可行的    a.  f easible..        47. 污染      n.  p ollution

 48. 方便的    a.  c onvenient      49. 拉长      v.   s tretch  

 50. 维生素    n.  v itamin         51. 经受     vt.  w ithstand

 52. 五十     num.  f inance        53. 财政      n.  f finance

 54. 发源     vi.  o riginate         55. 两倍     ad.  t  wice  

 

V.  Word Form (10 points, 1 point each)

56. A war can  endanger (danger) millions of lives.

57. We should know our strength as well as our  weakness  (weak).

58. Due to circumstances beyond our control, the  fulfillment  (fulfill) of the contract will be delayed by several weeks.

59. Organizing some challenging outdoor activities can help your employees  sharpen  (sharp) their abilities.

60. My teacher gave me a letter of  reference  (refer) when I applied for the job.

61. She made a favorable  impression   (impress) on me when I first met her.

62. They viewed these plans as an attempt to take a  proritable  (profit) market from Britain.

63. There are many sales in the U.S., during which time stores will  lower (low) their

normal prices.

64. He respectfully  (respect) moved his hat when he entered the building.

65. There are no tickets left for this evening's _performance  (perform).

 

VI. Translation from Chinese into English (15 points, 3 points each)

66. 这所学校向学生免费提供课本。

This school provides free textbooks for the students.

67. 随着年龄的增长你会改变想法的。

You'll change your mind as you grow older.

68. 他们正在讨论如何实施这项计划。

They are discussing how to put the plan into effect.

69. 她已经表明自己在这些问题的立场。

She has defined her position on the issues.

70. 这对双胞胎长得太像了,很难分清他们。

The twins are so much alike that it is hard to distinguish them.

 

VII. Translation from English into Chinese (15 points)

    Too much importance must not be attached to the wrong acts done by children, particularly if they happen to be of a minor nature. Many children are likely to be in the habit of stealing, neglecting studies, or using bad language. In nearly every case, the root cause of the trouble is the fact that proper care of the child is not taken in the house. But if the parents are wise, they would correct their children's faults by paying more attention to them. Whatever the case, one thing should never be done. They should not be compelled to change for the better under fear of the rod. Physical punishment does not improve them. It only makes them worse than before.

71.对孩子犯的错不必太在意,尤其是那些不足挂齿的小错。许多孩子或许会养成小偷小摸、不思学业、讲粗话等不良习惯。几乎无一例外,问题的根源都在于他们在家中未得到应有的关爱。只要家长足够明智,给予子女更多的关注,便能纠正他们的错误。但有一件事却无论如何也不能做——绝不能以棍棒相逼,陷孩子于恐惧之中。体罚非但不会使孩子改正,反而会让他们变得比以前更糟。

   

 


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